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The small cemetery of Anfushi lies to the west of the eastern harbour on the Ras el-Tin peninsular.Five Greek rock-cut tombs dating back to the third and second centuries BC were discovered in the early part of the 20th century.One of the most celebrated monuments of ancient Alexandria was the Pharos lighthouse, an architectural masterpiece commissioned by Ptolemy I Soter I around 297 BC and inaugurated by his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus fifteen years later.Probably the earliest known lighthouse, the Pharos, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, stood on a small island 1.5 km off the coast in the eastern harbour and was connected to the land by a narrow causeway, the ‘Heptastadion’.The city is known for its chef-driven and independently owned eateries, serving everything from fresh seafood to creative comfort food to international fare.Modern Alexandria, the main Mediterranean port of Egypt and the country’s second largest city, lies on a narrow strip of land between the coast and a lagoon known as Lake Mariut.
The lighthouse finally collapsed during a fatal earthquake in the 14th century after which it was no longer able to function.
Sadly the library was reported to have burned down, along with an irreplaceable collection of papyri during the third century BC.
Many of the structures in the northern part of Alexander’s great new modern city have now vanished beneath the waters of the Western harbour.
In the breakwater immediately north of Fort Qait Bey, Jean-Yves Empereur and his team have discovered what is believed to be many gigantic fallen blocks from the Pharos tower.
Qait Bey, named after the Arab sultan who built the massive fort in the 1470s, marks the original position of the lighthouse and incorporated many of the original blocks in its construction.