Basic concepts of luminescence dating

The fact that the great Mother Goddess Hera, as Lucina, propitiated at or presided over childbirth, and that the original goddesses were probably real medicine women indicates “…in remote antiquity women were engaged in the practice of medicine.” (Maddox, 1941). In central Australia the medicine is ranked equal to the medicine man just as the female shaman is the equal of the shaman. These retain the magnetisation present at the time of firing.

Women shamans as medicine women propitiated the spirit world and practised the healing arts towards their own sex. it is therefore possible to measure the deviation of the ancient magnetic field from that of today and thus date the object. The annual growth of tree-rings varies in thickness from year to year depending on rainfall.

The excavated remains were those of a diminutive, disabled ‘shaman’ woman of advanced years, in a specially constructed grave. Trapped electrons are released only when the material is heated to over 500C.

The interment represents the ritual burial of one of the oldest human spiritual figures. The emission of light is called thermoluminescence.

As a shaman she would have been a mystic imbued with animist powers and revered social status. It is a candidate method for samples too old for Carbon 14 dating.

Among north Amerindians medicine women are as common as medicine men, especially among the Dakotas and the Creeks (Maddox, 1941), with both occurring among the Inuit. Thus at Pontnewydd Cave in north Wales early human remains associated with stone tools were dated at 200,000 years by this technique.

North American Medicine Woman in Prayer In ancient Greek mythology, in the temples of Argos, , the goddess Hygeia was the daughter of Aesculapius. Baked clay structures which contain iron oxide include ovens and kilns.

The word ‘shamanic’ refers to the and practices and experiences of shamans, whereas ‘shamanistic’ refers to general beliefs and practices (Whitley, 1998). Created in the early 20reconstructs past climates and analyses climate sensitive archaeological tree-ring chronologies. Around Avebury the chalkland of Neolithic farmers reflects their genius within a sacred landscape that is fed by a sacred river fed by sacred springs (Meaden, 1999). ows Danebury’s present-day location is a chalkland setting and Figure 1 is an aerial photograph of Danebury showing ramparts, main entrance and overlapping earthworks protecting the gate.

The analysis can be, and has been, extended to an interpretation of cave paintings claiming that the art was the work of women. Dendrochronology depends on a regional master sequence for certain species of tree, and does not work for non-seasonal growth. The method is calibrated against C dates for the Bristlewood pines (known date) which produces a calibration curve and can be tested against Egyptian king lists. In addition the Avebury area has several Bronze Age round barrows which shows the continued significance during the post-Neolithic. The region surrounding Danebury comprises a chalk The hillfort of Danebury dominates the rolling downland landscape of western downland landscape situated between the rivers Test and Bourne.

Medicine woman The role of the ‘witch detective’ was often combined with that of the medicine woman and in central east Africa the medicine woman was also a witch detective and prophetess. Therefore, with sections of wood of overlapping age, it is possible to correlate rings and build up a scale of dates stretching back into prehistory.

Menomonee medicine woman As has been shown by both female shamans and medicine women in many times, climes and cultures “…it not infrequently happens that the female idea of the Shamanate prevails to such an extent that the most powerful shamans are women…” (Maddox, 1941). It is only usable with large surviving wood pieces, generally from waterlogged environments.

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