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Ancient cemeteries that were used before 600 BC and other signs of advanced civilization has also been discovered in Sri Lanka.
Sinhalese history traditionally starts in 543 BC with the arrival of Prince Vijaya, a semi-legendary prince who sailed with 700 followers to Sri Lanka, after being expelled from Vanga Kingdom (present-day Bengal).
Sri Lankan dynastic history ended in 1815, when the island became part of the British Empire.
Succeeding kingdoms of Sri Lanka would maintain a large number of Buddhist schools and monasteries and support the propagation of Buddhism into other countries in Southeast Asia.
The current constitution stipulates the political system as a republic and a unitary state governed by a semi-presidential system.
According to the Mahāvamsa, a chronicle written in Pāḷi, the original inhabitants of Sri Lanka are the Yakshas and Nagas.In addition, Sri Lankan male dancers witnessed the assassination of Caligula.When Queen Cleopatra sent her son Caesarion into hiding, he was headed to Sri Lanka.The medieval period of Sri Lanka begins with the fall of Anuradhapura Kingdom.In AD 993, the invasion of Chola emperor Rajaraja I forced the then Sri Lankan ruler Mahinda V to flee to the southern part of Sri Lanka.It maintained close ties with European civilisations including the Roman Empire.For example, Bhatikabhaya (22 BC – AD 7) sent an envoy to Rome who brought back red coral, which was used to make an elaborate netlike adornment for the Ruwanwelisaya.Sri Lankan monarchs undertook some remarkable construction projects such as Sigiriya, the so-called "Fortress in the Sky", built during the reign of Kashyapa I of Anuradhapura, who ruled between 477 and 495.The Sigiriya rock fortress is surrounded by an extensive network of ramparts and moats.Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා Śrī Laṃkā, Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located southeast of India and northeast of the Maldives.The island is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities.